Open Letter to the United States Senate

Delivered January 7, 2020 | Click here to be directed to our press release

Dear Members of the United States Senate:

We are lawyers deeply committed to the Constitution, the rule of law and preserving the priceless American democratic form of government.

Since the House has impeached President Donald Trump, the critical questions now are whether the Senate will provide an impartial trial process and whether senators will vote impartially or serve their own partisan self-interests.

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell has dramatically framed the issue.  He recently said: “This [impeachment] is a political process. There is not anything judicial about it.” (See: Mitch McConnell: ‘I’m not an impartial juror’ ahead of Senate impeachment trial, CNN). “I’m not impartial about this [process] at all….I’m not an impartial juror [.]” (See: Trump Diatribe Belittles Impeachment as ‘Attempted Coup’ on Eve of Votes, The New York Times).

Leader McConnell’s assertions cannot withstand scrutiny.

Just because the Constitution commits the impeachment process to a “political” branch of government and senators may legitimately promote their partisan self-interest as part of the legislative process, does not mean they are permitted to do so when serving as judges and jurors in an impeachment trial. To the contrary, as the adjudicators of impeachment, they have a duty to serve in a quasi-judicial capacity.

The Constitution mandates that: “When sitting for that purpose [trying impeachments] they [the Senate] shall be on oath or affirmation.” (See: Const., Art. I, Sect. 3, Clause 6) The oath that the Senate requires every senator to take before being allowed to participate in an impeachment trial demands that they “solemnly swear or affirm…  in all things appertaining to the trial (to) do impartial justice according to the Constitution and law.” (Emphasis added) (See: Procedure and Guidelines for Impeachment Trials in the United States Senate, pp. 25-26 & p. 61)

Serving one’s own partisan and political self-interest in determining: the process for an impeachment trial, the legal standards for impeachable offenses, the facts – based on the evidence – and whether the facts violate the standards, would be an egregious form of being “partial.”  It would be the exact opposite of being “impartial.” 

Rather than a Senate impeachment trial being a “political” / partisan process that permits senators to make decisions based on their political party’s self-interest, senators are obligated by the Constitution and Senate rules to “do impartial justice” in all matters relating to the trial.

Similarly, Leader McConnell’s assertion that “[t]here is not anything judicial about [the impeachment process]” is directly refuted by the Constitution.  The Judiciary article itself, Article III, expressly manifests that impeachment trials are a category of federal criminal trials: “The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall be by jury [.]” (See: Const., Art. III, Sect. 2, Clause 3). Thus, impeachment trials, being criminal trials, are inherently “judicial.”

The judicial nature of impeachment trials is further borne out by other constitutional provisions. By giving “[t]he Senate… the sole power to try all impeachments [,]” (See: Const., Art. I, Sect. 3, Clause 6) the Constitution uses the same word “try” to describe the Senate’s responsibility as our legal system has routinely used to describe the function of courts adjudicating court cases. 

When the President is impeached, the Constitution does not permit a senator to preside over the trial; it must be our nation’s highest judicial officer, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Id. The initial sanction required to be imposed on an official found guilty of an impeachable offense is “conviction,” (See: Const., Art. I, Sect. 3, Clause 6 and Const., Art. II, Sect. 4) which is the same initial sanction which courts impose on any guilty criminal defendant. Finally, the Constitution prescribes that when the Senate completes an impeachment trial, it needs to enter “judgment.” (See: Const., Art. I, Sect. 3, Clause 7). This is the same word our legal system uses to describe all courts’ determinations after completing trials in court cases.

Thus, the Constitution itself recognizes that a Senate impeachment trial must have multiple elements of a court trial. The significantly judicial character of the impeachment trial process mandated by the Constitution is further elaborated by the Senate’s own extensive rules for conducting impeachment trials, many of which parallel judicial proceedings. (See: Procedure and Guidelines for Impeachment Trials in the United States Senate)

In short, Leader McConnell’s notion that the impeachment process does not have judicial character and implicitly gives him and other senators free rein to conduct the trial as biased political partisans is indefensible.


Richard Abel – Connell Distinguished Professor of Law Emeritus and Distinguished Research Professor
John Achatz – Access to Justice Fellow
David Addlestone – Co–founder National Veteans Legal Services Program
Sunil Aggarwal – CJI
Susan Akram – Clinical Professor
Steve Alexander – Former law clerk and acting District Court judge, Third Judicial District, Alaska.
Mary Allen Wilkes – Former Assistant District Attorney
Stephen Alloy – Attorney at Law
Birgit Almgren – Senior Associate
Lori Alper – Founder
Albert Alschuler – Julius Kreeger Professor Emeritus
Dan Alterman – Partner in civil rights firm
Michael Altman – Attorney
Carrie Amezcua – Attorney
R. Peter Anderson – Former Judge of Massachusetts Trial Court
Steven Andrews – Retired
Don Anton – Professor of International Law | Director
Gina Armbruster – Vice President in the Insurance Industry
Paula Atkinson – Attorney
Natasha Axelrod – Former Civil Litigation Attorney Representing Consumers
Harold Balcom – Attorney
Dennis Baldwin – Past President
Erica Baltodano – Attorney
Shaun Barnes – Choate
Jim Barnett – Alaska Attorney and Historian
Alan Baron – Former Assistant United States Attorney
Charles Baron – Emeritus Professor Boston College Law School
Dianne Baron – Attorney
Stuart Baron – Active practitioner
Jerome Barron – Harold H. Greene Professor of Law Emeritus George Washington University Law School
Elizabeth Barry – Former Chief Assistant Attorney General
Peter Barta – Criminal Defense Attorney
Jeffrey Bartell – Quarles & Brady Law Firm
Elizabeth Bartholet – Professor of Law
Denise Barton – Deputy General Counsel
Mark Baseman – Partner
Lynn Bechtol – Attorney
Marcia Bell – Director
Barbara Berenson – Attorney
James Bergenn – UConn School of Law
Paul Berman – Retired Partner
Lucian Bernard – Partner
Marilyn Bernhardt – Esq.
Peter Bernhardt – Former Assistant United States Attorney
Jules Bernstein – ABA
Michael Bertoncini – Principal in private law firm
Jessica Beverly – Attorney Advisor
Kristina Bielenberg – Attorney
Rebecca Birmingham – President Elect of the Long Beach Bar Association
Kathryn Black – Of Counsel
Laura Blank – Attorney
Jeff Blattner – Former Deputy Assistant Attorney General
Richard Bluestein – Krokidas and bluestein
Linda Bochert – Assistant Attorney General
Kristi Bodin – Former Assistant Attorney General
Kristen Bomengen – Former Assistant Attorney General
Kelly Bonnevie – Attorney
Bruce Bookman – Bookman & Helm LLC Ret.
Bruce Botelho – Former Attorney General of Alaska
Kathleen Boundy – Co–director Center for Law and Education
James Brennan – Brennan & Heideman
Israela Brill–Cass – Ombud
Shelley Broderick – Dean Emerita and Joseph L. Rauh Chair of Social Justice at University of the District of Columbia Law
Mark Brodin – Professor
Fiona Brophy – Partner
Ellen Brown – Former Counsel at a quasi–public organization
Melinda Brown – Former Vice President and General Counsel
Daniel Bruce – Attorney
Alan Butchman – Garvey
Andrea Cabral – Former Assistant District Attorney
Morgan Callahan – Attorney
Alejandro Camacho – Professor of Law
Margaret Cammer – Former Acting Supreme Court Justice
Roy Campbell – Bradley Arant Boult Cummings LLP
Paul Campsen – Kaufman & Canoles
Julie Cantor – Lecturer in Law
Patricia Cantor – Attorney
Cathey Caraway–Howard – Law Offices of Cathe L. Caraway–Howard
Jay Carlson – Attorney
Walter Carpeneti – Former Chief Justice
Charley Carpenter – Attorney
Harold Carroll – Attorney at Law
William Carroll – Former General Counsel Ballistic Missile Defense Organization
Cathleen Cavell – Attorney
Kathy Cerminara – Former associate at Reed Smith Shaw & McClay
Michael Chanin – Retired Member of the Bar
Nancy Chasen – Public Interest Advocate
Mark Choate – Trial Lawyer
Manbir Chowdhary – Principal
David Clark – Former partner
James Clark – Retired partner
Ben Clements – Clements & Pineault
Brian Clemow – Former Adjunct Professor
Sarah Cleveland – Professor
Joan Clover – Attorney
Kevin Clune – Legal Aid at Work
Nadine Cohen – Attorneys
Steven Cohen – President
Ronald Collins – Harold S. Shefelman Scholar
MaryBeth Connors – Attorney
Wendy Cooper – Attorney
Michael Cordone – Former partner Stradley Ronon Stevens & Young
Julia Coster – Former Assistant Attorney General
Michael Coughlin – Attorney
Randy Cox – Attorney
Gregory Craig – Former White House Counsel
Barbara Craver – Private Attorney
Glenn Cravez – Law Office of Glenn E. Cravez
Elizabeth Crimmins – Senior Attorney
Eric Croft – Former Alaska State Legislator
Peter Crosby – Formerly Peter J. Crosby
Mary Crossley – Professor of Law and former Dean
Michael Crutcher – Former partner
Stanley Cygelman – Partner
Hon.John D’Amico – Judge of the Superior Court of New Jersey
Brendan Daly – Attorney
Josiah Daniel – Attorney
Richard Dasilva – Frontier Adjusters of Bozeman
D.Scott Dattan – CJA Panel Representative for Alaska
Robin Davidson – Attorney
Douglas Davis – Of Counsel
Ann DeArmond – Attorney
Gill Deford – Retired Attorney
Robert Dell – Retired Attorney
Ruth Dell – Former Attorney
Mary DeNevi – Attorney
Ventura Dennis – Staff Attorney
Brad DeNoble – Attorney at Law
Michael Devereaux – Attorney
Steven DeVries – Former Chief Assistant Attorney General and Civil Division Director
Steven DiCairano – Associate
Gerald Dickinson – Law Professor
Joel Diringer – Public health consultant
Colin Diver – Adjunct Professor
Steven Dodge – Deputy Public Advocate
Mara Dolan – Attorney
Michael Dolinger – Former United States Magistrate Judge
Raymond Dougan – Retired First Justice Boston Municipal Court, Central Division; Adjunct Clinical Professor, Boston University School of Law
Jessica Drew – Attorney
Robert Drey – Legal Counsel
James Dreyfus – Retired Partner
Robert Drinan – Executive Agency Counsel at a Public Authority
Richard DuBey – Attorney
Kellie Early – National Conference of Bar Examiners
Peter Edelman – Carmack Waterhouse Professor of Law and Public Policy
Jean Eggen – Distinguished Emerita Professor of Law
Susan Elsen – Staff Attorney
Edwin Epstein – Attorney
Ivan Espinoza–Madrigal – Attorney
Evan Falchuk – Attorney and Health care executive; former gubernatorial candidate for Massachusetts
Judith Farris Bowman – Partner
Heather Fathali – Immigration Attorney
Ellice Fatoullah – Fatoullah Associates
Gina Fazio – Attorney
Randall Fearnow – Former Indiana Senate Majority Attorney
Walter Featherly – Attorney At Law
Francis Fecteau – Associate Justice of Massachusetts Appeals Court (retired)
David Feinberg – Founding Partner
Cary Feldman – Feldesman Tucker Leifer Fidell LLP
Roger Feldman – Senior Principal and General Counsel
Sarah Felix – Former Assistant Attorney General
Nicholas Fels – Former partner
Carter Ferguson – Shareholder
Eugene Fidell – Feldesman Tucker Leifer Fidell LLP
Leslie Finlow – Lawyer in Washington
Daniel Finn – Law Offices of Daniel J. Finn
George Fisher – Attorney
Ruth Ellen Fitch – Attorney
Herb Fox – Law Office of Herb Fox
Michael Fox – Judge
Anne Fragasso – Attorney
Joel Franklin – Attorney
Elizabeth Frantz – Attorney
Clifford Freeman – Attorney
Gregory French – National Academy of Elder Law Attorneys
Terry Friedman – Former Los Angeles Superior Court Judge
Christopher Gagin – Former Magistrate
Emily Galvin – Public Defender
Patty Garin – Partner at Shapiro Weissberg & Garin; Adjunct Professor of Law at Northeastern University School of Law
Gayle Garrigues – Former prosecutor
Joseph Garrison – Garrison
E. Susan Garsh – Former Associate Justice of the Superior Court
Barbara Gately – Litigator
Thomas Gausden – Self–employed labor & employment arbitrator & mediator
Nancy Gertner – Retired Judge
Martha Gifford – Law Office of Martha E. Gifford
Oscar Gilbert – Attorney
Elizabeth Gilson – Guantanamo lawyer
Wilbur Glahn – Partner
David Glenn – Syndicated Radio Host
Richard Glovsky – Former Assiatnt United States Attorney and Chief of the Civil Division of the United States Attorney’s Office for the District of Massachusetts
Dudley Goar – Attorney
Sharon GoddardWhite – White White & Van Etten PC
Nicole Godfrey – University of Denver Sturm College of Law
Karen Golden – Attorney
Phyllis Goldfarb – Jacob Burns Foundation Professor Emerita of Clinical Law and Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs
Rachel Goldman – Attorney
Seth Goldschlager – President
Donna Goldsmith – Retired; Anchorage, Alaska
Billie Goldstein – Former Assistant Public Defender
Allene Golub – Law offices of Richard and Allene Golub
Jasmine GonzalesRose – Associate Professor of Law
Joan Graff – President
Andrew Grainger – Former Associate Justice
Paul Grant – National and State Affiliate Boards of Directors
Michael Greco – Attorney
Deborah Greenberg – Assistant District Attorney, Alaska/Assistant Attorney General, Alaska
Robert Greenwood – Attorney
James Griffith – Former judge
Randall Grometstein – Professor
Richard Gross – Former Executive Director
Joanna Grossman – Ellen K. Solender Endowed Chair in Women and Law
John Grossman – Former Undersecretary of Public Safety
Anthony Guadalupe–Baerga –
Patrick Gudridge – Professor
Robert Gunther – Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale & Dorr
Deepak Gupta – Founding Principal
Jeffrey Gutman – Professor of Clinical Law
Ernest Haddad – General Counsel Emeritus
Eric Hall – Attorney
Philip Hamilton – Professor of Law Emeritus
David Hanson – Deputy Attorney General (former) Wisconsin
Bonnie Harris – Former Senior Assistant Attorney General
Scott Harshbarger – Senior Counsel; Former MA Attorney–General
Kirk Hartley – Law firm partner
David Haselkorn – David L Haselkorn PC
Leone Hatch – Attorney
Rodney Hatley – Lieutenant Commander
Barbara Hayden Fitts – Counsellor at Law
Laura Haynes – Attorney
David Hemond – Former attorney for Connecticut Law Revision Commission
Richard Herzog – Attorney
Ingrid Hillinger – Professor of Law
Geraldine Hines – Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court (Ret.)
Bill Hing – Professor of Law
Eric Hirschhorn – Retired Partner
John Hitt – Former Assistant Attorney General for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
David Hoffman – Lecturer on Law
Nancy Hoffman – CDR
Deborah Holbrook – Owner of Deborah A. Holbrook
Paul Holtzman – Attorney
Christine Hopkins – Of Counsel
Susan Horn – Retired Attorney
Joseph Hornack – Adjunct Professor of Law, University of Pittsburgh School of Law
Ira Horowitz – Retired Attorney
Kay Howard – Retired Administrative Law Judge
Kerry Hultquist – Attorney
William Humenuk – Attorney
Douglas Hyde – Former President
Cathy Iles – Private Practitioner
Trina Ingelfinger – Former Chief Attorney
Elaine Ingulli – Former Legal Services Attorney, and Professor of Business Law
Deborah Jackson Weiss – Retired Partner
Melissa Jacoby – Attorney
Jerome Jaffe – Attorney
Matthew Jamin – Attorney
George Jepsen – Attorney
Scott Joseph – Joseph Law Office
Lisa Kabnick – Senior Advisor
David Kader – Emeritus Professor of Law
Gerald Kahn – Private practice
Steven Kahn – Attorney
Bernard Kamine – Attorney
Robert Kapp – Attorney
Ira Karasick – Township Attorney
Molly Karlin – Assistant Federal Public Defender
Rudolph Kass – Attorney
Barbara Katz – Retired General Counsel
Isabelle Katz Pinzler – Former Deputy Assistant Attorney General
Joyce Kauffman – Attorney
Nicholas Kelley – Of counsel
Barbara Kellman – Partner, Sneider Kellman PC
Frederic Kellogg – Former U.S. Attorney
Michael Kelly – Former Dean
William Kelly – Retired partner
Guy Kerner – Attorney
Steven Kessler – Attorney at Law: former clerk to Judge Constance Baker Motley
Crawford Kirkpatrick – Registered Investment Advisor
Thomas Kite – Attorney–At–Law
James Klimaski – Klimaski & Associates
Stephen Klitzman – Former Attorney
Daniel Klonowski – Attorney at Law; Former Acting Judge
Eric Kocher – Attorney at Law
Pamela Kogut – Former Assistant Attorney General
Steven Koh – Assistant Professor
Anne Koza – Attorney at Law
Paul Kozikowski – Attorney
Marvin Krakow – Founding Partner
Mitchell Kraus – Former General Counsel Transportation Communications Union
Ginny Kremer – Former Assistant Attoreny General
Eric Kueffner – Retired attorney
Adrienne Lalak Deckman – Former Ohio Assistant Attorney General Chief Counsel Staff
Tera Lally – private investment funds attorney
Stephan Landsman – Professor of Tort Law and Social Policy
Jane Lang – Attorney
H. Van Z. Lawrence – Private Attorney
Jean Lazarus – Attorney
Jane Lee – Attorney
William Lee – Former Chief of Staff
Arthur Leonard – Robert F. Wagner Professor of Labor & Employment Law
Averil Lerman – Formerly with the Federal Public Defender
Judy Levenson – Brody
David Levy – Attorney
Janice Levy – Former assistant attorney general
Jeff Levy – Partner
Ralph Levy – Retired Partner King & Spalding LLP
Scott Lewis – Anderson & Kreiger LLP
Yvonne Lewis – Attorney
Carol Liebman – Clinical Professor Emerita
Lance Liebman – Professor Emeritus
Susan Lillis – Attorney
Frank Lindh – Adjunct Professor
William Litchfield – Litchfield & Litchfield
Julie Locascio – Attorney at Law
Thomas Lohman – Attorney
Peter Lohnes – Knowledge Mosaic
Alan London – Retired attorney
David Long – Attorney
Julie Lovell – Retired attorney
Fred Lowenfels – General Counsel Emeritus
Roger Lowenstein – Founder
John Lowry – Partner
John Lozada – Attorney
Andrea Lua – Attorney
Ellen Lubell – Principal
Edward Luria – Alvord and Alvord PLLC
Barry Lynn – Former Executive Director
Paula Mackin – Former litigator and children’s rights attorney
Victoria Macpherson – Private practice
Bashar Malkawi – Legal Counsel and adjunt professor at University of Arizona
Kristin Malmberg – Attorney
Myrna Mandlawitz – President
Stanley Marcuss – Former Counsel to the U.S. Senate’s International Finance Subcommittee; former Senior Deputy Assistant Secretary in the U.S. Commerce Department; former partner
William Markstein – Member
Michael Marnik – Former Partner
Teri Marsh – Attorney
Anthony Martin – Attorney
Jan Marx – San Luis Obispo College of Law Campus Dean. Former Mayor of San Luis Obispo.
Howard Matz – Former Federal Judge
L. Stephen McCready – Founder
Robert McDaniel – Former AUSA
Jacob McDermott – Senior Energy and Regulatory Attorney
Robert McGarrah – Pro Bono Attorney
Lisa McGovern – Former Assistant District Attorney
Robert McGovern – Attorney
James McHugh – Former Associate Justice
Jay McManus – Director
Alan Meisel – Attorney
Thomas Mela – Attorney
H. Stephen Merlin – Founding Partner Cohen Pollock Merlin Turner
Douglas Mertz – Mertz Law Office; Juneau, Alaska
Richard Meserve – Attorney
Naomi Meyer – Senior Attorney
John Miller – Law Office of John M. Miller
Nancy Miller – Attorney
David Mills – Former Associate Justice
Alan Minuskin – Attorney
Jeff Modisett – Former Asst. U.S. Attorney (Deputy Chief of Public Corruption & Govt. Fraud Div.)
Bruce Mohl – Former Justice
Brian Monahan – Attorney
John Montgomery – Ropes & Gray
Sandra Moody – Massachusetts Department of Education
Alan Morrison – George Washington Law School
Eileen Morrison – Attorney
Charles Mullins – Senior Attorney (Retired)
John Murdock – Environmental Attorney (ret.); President
Florence Murray – Lawyer
James Nelson – Justice
NancyLee Nelson – Nancy Lee Nelson
Ronald Nemirow – Attorney
Leslie Newman – Professor of Law Cardozo School of Law New York
Cheryl Niro – Former Partner
Alice Noble – Attorney
Walter North – Ambassador (Ret.)
Neil O’Donnell – Of Counsel, Cascadia Cross Border Law Group LLC
Ann O’Shea – NYS Acting Supreme Court Justice (Ret.)
Laurinda Ochoa – Alameda County Deputy District Attorney former
Edward Opton – University Counsel
Melanie Oxhorn – Attorney at Law
Richard Painter – Former Chief White House ethics lawyer for President George W. Bush
Terrence Pancoast – Attorney
Ryan Papir – Associate General Counsel
Richard Parish – Retired Attorney
Wendy Parmet – Prof. of Law
Rodger Pegues – Superior Court Judge Alaska
Jane Perkins – Legal Director
Joel Perwin – Pres. Joel S. Perwin
Jeffrey Petrucelly – Pro bomo retired attorney; access to justice fellow
Mary (Polly) Phillips – Attorney
Duncan Pickard – Attorney
Lois Pines – Member of US Supreme Court Bar & Former MA State Senator
Marisa Pizzuto – Law practice
John Pollok – Partner
Thaddeus Pope – Attorney
Adrienne Prager – Civil rights advocate
Griffith Price
Fernande (Nan) R.V. Duffly – Former Justice MA Supreme Judicial Court
Joan Rachlin – Executive Director
W.Scott Railton – Attorney
Gershon Ratner – Founder and Executive Director
Jason Reddish – Partner, Feldesman Tucker Leifer Fidell LLP
Dawn Reed–Slaten – Attorney
William Rees – Of Counsel
David Remes – Guantanamo detainee habeas lawyer
Robert Renneker – Attorney
Blake Rider – Business owner
Michael Riley – Attorney
Roland Riopelle – Sercarz & Riopelle
Keith Roberts – Attorney
Eleanor Roberts Lewis – Former Chief Counsel for International Commerce
Allan Rodgers – Retired
Estelle Rogers – Public interest lawyer
Robert Rosenbaum – Retired Partner
Morris Rosenberg – Washington State Association for Justice
Emery Rosenbluth Jr. – Rosenbluth Law P.A.
Martin Rosenthal – too may to list
Stuart Rossman – Former Assistant Attorney General
Thomas Rossmeissl – Attorney
Joanna Roth – Mediator
Philip Rotner – Attorney
Andrew Rotstein – Counsel
Emanuel Rouvelas – N/A
Wayne Rusch – Berliner
Macey Russell – Attorney
Miles Ruthberg – Retired Law Firm Partner
Robert Safron – Partner
Gary Sampliner – Former Senior Counsel
Dorothy Samuels – Attorney and journalist
Melissa Scanlan – Attorney
Karen Scarr – Associate General Counsel
James Schiavenza – Attorney
Lois Schiffer – Former Assistant Attorney General
Ronna Schneider – Professor of Law, University of Cincinnati College of Law
John Sexton – President Emeritus
Jonathan Shapiro – Shapiro & Teitelbaum LLP
Steven Shatz – Emeritus Professor
R. Kelly Sheridan – Of Counsel
Francine Sherman – Attorney
John Sherman – Senior Program Fellow
Mark Shklov – Attorney
Mark Shulman – Adjunct Professor
Barbara Siegel – Visiting Professor USC Gould School
Norman Silber – Professor of Law
Beth Simon – Law Offices of Beth E Simon
Daniel Sleasman – Attorney
Virginia Sloan – Founder and president emeritus
Christopher Slobogin – Attorney
Nancy Slonim – Attorney
Jeff Sloss – Former attorney
Eleanor Smith – Law Firm Partner
Lisa Smith – Attorney
Miguel Smith – Law Firm Partner
Allen Snyder – Partner
Neal Sonnett – Former Assistant U.S. Attorney and Chief
Rochelle SouzaHall – Former FINRA Hearing Officer; currently a psychotherapist
Larri Spengler – private practice
Mark Spiegel – Professor of Law Boston College Law School
Laura Stafford – Attorney
Michael Stark – Former Assistant District Attorney and Assistant Attorney General
Gary Starr – Attorney
Kathleen Strasbaugh – sole practitioner
Richard Steel – Attorney
David Steelman – Co–author
Jon Steffensen – Of Counsel
Marshall Stein – Former Assistant U.S. Attorney
Richard Steinberg – Attorney
Judith Stephenson – Attorney
Tenley Stephenson – Former associate at Goodwin Procter
Donald Stern – Former United States Attorney
Mark Stern – Human Rights Office City of Boston
David Steuber – Retired partner
Janna Stewart – Former DA
Margaret Stock – Cascadia Cross Border Law Group LLC
N. Robert Stoll – Former Founding Partner
Robert Stolzberg – Law Offices of Robert Stolzberg
Geoffrey Stone – Edward H. Levi Distinguished Professorof Law
James Sturdevant – Former President
Peter Sturges – Common Cause Massachusetts
David Sullivan – Former MA Senate Counsel
Ronald Sullivan – Jesse Climenko Clinical Professor of Law
Kenneth Sweder – Attorney
Hannah Tanabe – Attorney
Sandy Tarrant – Attorney
Jennifer Taub – Professor of Law
Daniel Taylor – Attorney
Marilyn Tebor Shaw – Former Associate Judicial Administrator
Mia Teitelbaum – Partner
Paul Tendler – Law Offices of Paul Tendler
John Tener – Attorney
Doris Tennant – Attorney
Christopher Toews – Senior Partner, Toews Law Group, Inc.
Gerald Torres – Professor of Law
Michael Traynor – Attorney
Laurence Tribe – Carl M. Loeb University Professor and Professor of Constitutional Law
Howard Trickey – Partner
Mary True – Dreitler True LLC Retired Attorney
Kathryn Tucker – Attorney
Ralph Tyler – Former Deputy Attorney General of Maryland; former Baltimore City Solicitor; former Chief Counsel U.S. Food and Drug Adminsitration
Carl Valvo – Former Assistant Attorney General
Stephanie Vardavas – Law Office of Stephanie Vardavas
Suzanne Vaughan – LA County Bar Association
Joseph Velasquez – Former Assistant Attorney General
Ira Waldman – Cox
Jack Walker – Former managing partner
Les Wallerstein – Attorney
Rhonda Wasserman – Attorney
Heidi-Rachel Webb – Attorney
Robert Weiss – Pretrial Justice Institute
Lynn Weissberg – Retired partner
Lisa Weissler – Retired assistant attorney general
Michelle Welsh – Professor of Constitutional Law, Monterey College of Law
David White – White White & Van Etten PC
Peggy Wiesenberg – Access to Justice Fellow
Jeffrey Wiesner – Wiesner McKinnon LLP
Crystal Williams – American Immigration Lawyers Association
James Wilton – Partner
Jenna WimsHashway – Professor of Legal Practice
Mitchel Winick – President and Dean
Chester Winkowski – Private Practice; Former Assistant District Counsel
David Wirth – Professor of Law
Stephen Wizner – National Board of trial Advocacy
Bruce Wolff – Retired attorney
Lucien Wulsin – Attorney
David Wylie – Attorney
James Yoakum – Associate
Antonio Zuniga – Trial lawyer